Category: Blog

Tax Cuts Now in Play

The Taxation Administration Act Withholding Schedules No 2 2020 were registered on 12 October 2020.  

The PAYG wages withholding schedules have been updated in response to the changes to tax scales that were announced in the recent Federal budget, and contained in Treasury Laws Amendment (A Tax Plan for the COVID-19 Economic Recovery) Bill 2020, which passed Parliament on 9 October 2020. Three changes were made, backdated to 1 July 2020, which are now reflected in the new withholding schedules:  

  • the top threshold of the 19% personal income tax bracket has increased from $37,000 to $45,000 
  • the top threshold of the 32.5% tax bracket has increased from $90,000 to $120,000 
  • bringing forward the increase in the amount of the low income tax offset to $700 (from $445) to 2020-21 (instead of the 2022-23 income year and later income years) 

The ATO has also been working closely with providers of payroll software and employers to ensure the reduced withholding associated with the threshold changes, and the increase of LITO, is reflected in software as soon as practicable. 

The changes apply to payments made on and from 13 October 2020, with employers required to make sure they are withholding the correct amount from salary or wages paid to employees for any pay runs processed in their system from no later than 16 November onwards. 

While the tax cuts have been backdated to 1 July 2020, the tax table changes do not take into account any over-withheld amounts that individual taxpayers have paid since the start of the financial year. Instead, this over-withheld amount will be factored into an individual’s 2020-21 tax return. 

 

ATO Publish New Tax Tables

October 2020 Tax Threshold update 

Changes to personal income tax thresholds announced by the Government during the Federal Budget have been incorporated into the withholding schedules and tax tables and will apply to payments made on and from 13 October 2020. 

As the changes to withholding are made part way through the income year, employers and other payers who are unable to immediately implement these changes into their payroll will have until 16 November 2020 to do so. 

Employees and other payees will receive their entitlement to the reduced tax payable for the entire 2020–21 income year when they lodge their income tax return. 

Read more here https://www.ato.gov.au/Rates/Tax-tables/

Federal Budget 2020

2020 FEDERAL BUDGET WRAP 

The Federal Budget was handed down on 6 October 2020. Following is a precis of some of the headline measures. 

BUSINESS 

  • Expanded Access to Small Business Tax Concessions – access will be expanded to a range of small business tax concessions. Under the changes, businesses with an annual aggregated turnover of less than $50 million (up from $10 million) will have access to the following concessions: 

Concession

Start Date

immediate deduction for certain start-up expenses

1 July 2020

immediate deduction for certain prepaid expenses

1 July 2020

FBT exemption for car-parking benefits

1 April 2021

FBT exemption for multiple portable electronic devices (laptops, tablets etc.)

1 April 2021

simplified trading stock rules

1 July 2021

remit PAYG instalments based on GDP-adjusted notional tax

1 July 2021

settle excise duty monthly on eligible goods

1 July 2021

two-year amendment period

1 July 2021

simplified account method access for GST purposes

1 July 2021

Note that access to the small business CGT concessions has not been expanded, and remains at an aggregated turnover of less than $2 million, or less than $6 million in net assets. 

  • Extension of the Instant Asset Write-Off – businesses with aggregated annual turnover of less than $5 billion will be able to deduct the full cost of eligible capital assets acquired from 7:30pm AEDT on 6 October 2020 (Budget night) and first used or installed by 30 June 2022. 

    “Full expensing” in the year of first use will apply to new depreciable assets and the cost of improvements to existing eligible assets.

    For small- and medium-sized businesses (with aggregated annual turnover of less than $50 million), full expensing also applies to second-hand assets.

    Businesses with aggregated annual turnover between $50 million and $500 million can still deduct the full cost of eligible second-hand assets costing less than $150,000 that are purchased by 31 December 2020 under the existing instant asset write-off. 

  • Loss Carry-Back – companies that have paid tax in the past, but that are now in a tax loss position, will be permitted to carry their loss back to those past years to obtain a refund of some of the tax they previously paid. This measure will enable many distressed companies to claim back the taxes they paid on their pre-COVID-19 profits against losses they are incurring during the current downturn. 

Specifically, companies with an aggregated annual turnover of less than $5 billion, will be permitted to carry-back losses from the 2019–20, 2020–21 and 2021–22 income years against tax paid in the 2018–19, 2019–20 or 2020–21 income years. 

The tax refund would be limited by requiring that the amount carried back is not more than the earlier taxed profits. The tax refund will be available on an election basis by eligible businesses when they lodge their 2020-21 and 2021-22 tax returns.

Companies that do not elect to carry back losses under this measure, can still carry losses forward as normal.  

  • FBT Exemptions to Support Training and Re-Skilling – an FBT exemption will be introduced for retraining and reskilling benefits provided by employers to redundant, or soon-to-be redundant, employees where the benefits may not be related to their current employment. Before this change (which will apply from 6 October 2020) FBT was payable where an employer provides training to redundant or soon-to-be redundant employees and that training does not have sufficient connection to their current employment. 
  • Hiring Credit for Employers – a new JobMaker Hiring Credit scheme will be available to employers from 7 October 2020 for each new job they create over the next 12 months for which they hire an eligible young person. For each eligible employee, employers will receive for up to 12 months: 
  • $200 a week if they hire an eligible young person aged 16 to 29 years; or 
  • $100 a week if they hire an eligible young person aged 30 to 35 years. 

The new employees must have received JobSeeker Payment, Youth Allowance (other) or Parenting Payment for at least one of the previous three months at the time of hiring. Employers must demonstrate that they have increased their overall employment to receive this payment for up to 12 months for each position created. To claim the credit, employers need to report their employees’ payroll information to the ATO via Single Touch Payroll. 

INDIVIDUALS 

  • Tax Cuts – reductions in individual tax rate thresholds will apply for the 2020-21 income year. That is, from 1 July 2020:

  • the top threshold of the 19% personal income tax bracket will be increased from $37,000 to $45,000 
  • the top threshold of the 32.5% personal income tax bracket will be increased from $90,000 to $120,000. 

This brings forward changes previously legislated to commence from the 2022-23 income year. By way of illustration, this will result in an annual tax saving of $1,080 for individuals with a taxable income of $50,000; a saving of $1,530 for those earning $100,000; and a saving of $2,430 if you are earning $150,000. 

  • CGT Exemption for ‘Granny Flat’ Arrangements – from 1 July 2021, CGT will not apply to the creation, variation or termination of a granny flat arrangement providing accommodation where there is a formal written agreement in place. This will apply to arrangements that provide accommodation for “older Australians or those with a disability”. At the time of writing, there are no further details as to what constitutes “older” or “disability”. The exemption will only apply to agreements that are entered into because of “family relationships or other personal ties” and will not apply to commercial rental arrangements. 

To be clear, this measure will provide a CGT exemption for the home-owner in relation to any capital gains arising from the creation of “granny flat rights” and/or for the variation, extension or ending of such rights. 

All told, this measure will remove the adverse tax consequences for the property owner while providing protection for older parents or people with disabilities. Note that the exemption is limited to cases where the home is the principal residence of the property owner.   

SUPERANNUATION 

Unlike recent years, there were no taxation or contribution-related reforms in the Budget, however a broad package of measures was announced aimed at improving the superannuation system by: 

  • Having your superannuation follow youpreventing the creation of unintended multiple superannuation accounts by ensuring that individuals automatically keep their superannuation fund when they change employers 
  • Making it easier to choose a better fundindividuals will have access to a new interactive online comparison tool which will encourage funds to compete harder for members’ savings 
  • Holding funds to account for underperformanceto protect members from poor outcomes and encourage funds to lower costs, the Government will require superannuation products to meet an annual objective performance test. Those that fail will be required to inform members. Persistently underperforming funds will be prevented from taking on new members. 

 

 

JOBKEEPER 2.0 (28 September 2020 to 3 January 2021) Bullet Point Guide

Here is a quick snapshot of the important points of JobKeeper 2.0 as we count down the days until its commencement next week:    

  • Entities must re-assess their eligibility for JobKeeper 2.0 from 28 September 
  • Entities already enrolled in JobKeeper 1.0 do not need to re-enrol for JobKeeper 2.0 
  • Employees who received JobKeeper 1.0 do not need to fill out fresh nomination notices for JK 2.0 
  • The decline in turnover is now “actual” GST turnover for the September quarter” v. “actual GST turnover the 2019 September quarter” (projected turnover now plays no role) 
  • The decline in turnover percentages remain unchanged from JobKeeper 1.0, at 15% (ACNC registered charities other than universities and schools), 30% ($1b or less) and 50% (more then $1b) 
  • Businesses are generally expected to assess eligibility based on details reported in their BAS. Alternative arrangements will be announced for entities not lodging a BAS 
  • As with JobKeeper 1.0, the Commissioner will have discretion to set out alternative tests where it is not appropriate to compare actual turnover in a quarter in 2020 with actual turnover in a quarter in 2019 
  • The wage condition, based on the tier into which the eligible employee or business participant falls (see below), continues to apply 
  • The “one-in”, “all-in” principle continues to apply 
  • For the first two JK 2.0 fortnights, the ATO has extended until 31 October 2020 the time an entity has to pay employees in order to meet the wage condition 
  • JobKeeper 2.0 will be a two-tiered payment arrangement based on average hours worked, on an employee-by-employee basis, in the four weeks of pay periods before either 1 March 2020 or 1 July 2020. 
  • Tier 1 and Tier 2 level employees are identified as part of the JobKeeper extension process 

Tier 1 – $1,200 per fortnight (before tax). This rate applies to: 

  • eligible employees who worked for 80 hours or more in the four weeks of pay periods before either 1 March 2020 or 1 July 2020, and 
  • eligible business participants who were actively engaged in the business for 80 hours or more in February and provide a declaration to that effect. 

Tier 2 – $750 per fortnight (before tax). This rate applies to any other eligible employee or business owner. 

  • Payments for eligible business participants and religious practitioners will be based on the same two-tiered payment basis 
  • An extra reporting requirement will apply. That is, businesses will be required to nominate which payment rate they are claiming for each of their eligible employees (or business participants) 
  • Employers must notify eligible employees of the payment to which they are eligible, within seven days of notifying the ATO 
  • The ATO has set out alternative tests where an employee or business participant’s hours were not usual during the February and/or June 2020 reference periods. For example, this will include where the employee was on leave, volunteering during the bushfires, or not employed for all or part of February or June 2020. 
  • From 4 January 2021 the tier 1 rate reduces to $1,000 and the tier 2 rate reduces to $650 

Victorian Business Survival and Adaption Package

In response to the state’s extended lockdown, the Victorian government on the weekend announced a $3 billion Business Survival and Adaption Package for businesses impacted by the COVID-19 restrictions. The package is a mix of cash grants, tax relief, and cash-flow support featuring three components. 

  1. Business Support 
  • Small and medium sized business ($822 million): The third round of the Business Support Fund will provide up to $20,000 for business with a payroll of up to $10 million. Grant applications open on Friday 18 September 2020. 
  • Licensed Hospitality Business ($251 million): Grants of up to $30,000 for licensed pubs, clubs, hotels, bars, restaurants and reception centres, based on their venue capacity and location. 
  • Business Chambers and Trader Groups ($3 million): A competitive grants program to support metropolitan and regional business chambers and trader groups. 
  • Alpine businesses ($4.3 million): Grants of up to $20,000 to help alpine businesses pay a service charge to Alpine Resort Management Boards. 
  • Sole Trader Support Fund ($100 million): Grants of up to $3,000 to over 30,000 eligible sole traders who operate from a commercial premises or location to which the sole operator is the tenant or licensee. 
  1. Business Adaption 
  • $20 million voucher program to assist sole traders and small businesses in building their digital capability 
  • $15.7 million package to help Victorian exporters get their products to market and establish new trade channels. 
  • $8.5 million expansion to the ‘Click for Vic’ campaign to encourage more Victorians to support local businesses. 
  • $87.5 million Outdoor Eating and Entertainment Package to support hospitality businesses prepare for COVID Normal reopening across Victoria. 
  • $100 million Melbourne City Recovery Fund between the Victorian Government and the City of Melbourne to support Melbourne on the roadmap for reopening to COVID Normal in the lead up to Christmas and during summer. 
  1. Waivers and Deferrals 
  • $1.7 billion to defer payroll tax for businesses with payrolls up to $10 million for the full 2020-21 financial year 
  • $41 million to bring forward the 50% stamp duty discount for commercial and industrial property for all of Regional Victoria 
  • $33 million to defer the planned increase in the landfill levy for six months 
  • $30 million to waive 25% of the Congestion Levy this year, with the outstanding balance deferred. 
  • $27 million in liquor license fee waivers for 2021 
  • $6 million to waive Vacant Residential Land Tax for vacancies in 2020. 


JobKeeper Extension – Almost Here!

With the JobKeeper extension commencing in two weeks, we provide the latest publically available information –  

Extension from 28 September 2020 

The original JobKeeper scheme finishes on 27 September 2020. 

In good news for employers, the Government then announced that the scheme will be extended from 28 September 2020 until 28 March 2021. 

There are two separate extension periods. For each extension period, an additional actual fall in turnover test applies and the rate of the JobKeeper payment is different. 

Alternative tests for determining turnover and payment rates may be available in some circumstances but at the time of writing are yet to be published. We will notify you of these as they come to hand. 

Extension 1 

This extension period runs from 28 September 2020 to 3 January 2021. 

You will need to demonstrate that your actual GST turnover has fallen by the following percentages= in the September 2020 quarter (July, August, September) relative to a comparable period (generally the corresponding quarter in 2019) 

  • 30% fall in turnover (for an aggregated turnover of $1 billion or less) 
  • 50% fall in turnover (for an aggregated turnover of more than $1 billion), or 
  • 15% fall in turnover (for ACNC-registered charities other than universities and schools). 

The payment rates of the JobKeeper Payment in this extension period are:  

  • Tier 1: $1,200 per fortnight (before tax) 
  • Tier 2: $750 per fortnight (before tax). 

Rates of Payment 

The rate of the JobKeeper Payment will depend on the number of hours an eligible employee works or on the other hand the number of hours an eligible business participant is actively engaged in the business. 

It will be split into two rates as follows: 

 

TIER 1 RATE

 

TIER 2 RATE

 

This applies to

  • eligible employees who worked for 80 hours or more in the four weeks of pay periods before either 1 March 2020 or 1 July 2020, and
  • eligible business participants who were actively engaged in the business for 80 hours or more in February and provide a declaration to that effect.

 

 

This rate is expected to apply to any other eligible employees and eligible business participants.

 

 

Employers and businesses will need to nominate the rate they are claiming for each eligible employee and/or eligible business participant.  

Extension 2 

This extension period will run from 4 January 2021 to 28 March 2021. 

You will need to demonstrate that your actual GST turnover has fallen in the December 2020 quarter (October, November, December) relative to a comparable period (generally the corresponding quarter in 2019). 

You can be eligible for JobKeeper Extension 2 even if you were not eligible for JobKeeper Extension 1.  

The rates of the JobKeeper Payment in this extension period are: 

  • Tier 1: $1,000 per fortnight (before tax) 
  • Tier 2: $650 per fortnight (before tax). 


What Employers Need to do 

From 28 September 2020, employers must do all of the following: 

  • work out if the Tier 1 or Tier 2 rate applies to each of your eligible employees and/or eligible business participants and/or eligible religious practitioners 
  • notify the Commissioner and your eligible employees and/or eligible business participants and/or eligible religious practitioners what payment rate applies to them; and 
  • during JobKeeper Extension 1, ensure your eligible employees are paid at least
    • $1,200 per fortnight for Tier 1 employees  
    • $750 per fortnight for Tier 2 employees 
  • during JobKeeper Extension 2, ensure your eligible employees are paid at least 
    • $1,000 per fortnight for Tier 1 employees 
    • $650 per fortnight for Tier 2 employees. 

 

For your eligible religious practitioners, you must provide certain benefits to them in the fortnight. 

If you are registered for GST and have outstanding BAS statements, you should lodge your BAS for the September 2019 and December 2019 quarters as soon as possible (or for equivalent months, if you report monthly). 

Fall In Turnover 

To claim for fortnights in the JobKeeper Extension 1, you need to determine if you satisfy the actual fall in turnover test for the September 2020 quarter, you must calculate your GST turnover for the quarter of September 2019 and September 2020. 

For many businesses registered for GST, this calculation will match the ‘total sales’ reported at G1 on your BAS minus GST payable (1A), where applicable. 

You can provide additional turnover information to demonstrate that you satisfy the actual fall in turnover test for the September quarter from the start of October onwards. You must provide it before you complete your November monthly declaration. 

What Doesn’t Change? 

To claim for fortnights in the JobKeeper Extension 1 or 2: 

  • You don’t need to re-enrol for the JobKeeper extension if you are already enrolled for JobKeeper for fortnights before 28 September. 
  • You don’t need to reassess employee eligibility or ask employees to agree to be nominated by you as their eligible employer if you are already claiming for them before 28 September. 
  • You don’t need to meet any further requirements if you are claiming for an eligible business participant, other than those that applied from the start of JobKeeper relating to:
    • holding an ABN, and 
    • declaring assessable income and supplies. 

 

JobKeeper 2.0 – Passes Parliament!

The JobKeeper 2.0 legislation has just passed both houses of Parliament, and is now law (subject to the formality of Royal Assent). This legislation enables the Treasurer to draft a legislative instrument setting out the key changes to the scheme as follows: 

Employer Eligibility 

From 28 September 2020, businesses and not-for-profits seeking to claim JobKeeper will be required to re-assess their eligibility for the JobKeeper extension with reference to their actual turnover in the September quarter 2020 (rather than the June and September quarters). Businesses and not-for-profits will need to demonstrate that they have met the relevant decline in turnover test in this quarter to be eligible for JobKeeper from 28 September 2020 to 3 January 2021. 


Businesses and not-for-profits will need to further reassess their eligibility in January 2021 for the period from 4 January to 28 March 2021. Businesses and not-for-profits will need to demonstrate that they have met the relevant decline in turnover test in the December quarter 2020 (rather than each of the June, September and December quarters) to remain eligible for the period to 28 March 2021 (the March quarter). 

Payment Rates 

The payment rates have been pared back and will now depend upon the hours worked by an employee. 

From 28 September 2020 to 3 January 2021, the JobKeeper Payment rates will be: 

  • $1,200 per fortnight for all eligible employees who were working in the business or not for-profit for 20 hours or more a week on average in the four weeks of pay periods before either 1 March 2020 or 1 July 2020, and for eligible business participants who were actively engaged in the business for 20 hours or more per week on average; and 
  • $750 per fortnight for other eligible employees and business participants. 

From 4 January 2021 to 28 March 2021, the JobKeeper Payment rates will be: 

  • $1,000 per fortnight for all eligible employees who were working in the business or not for-profit for 20 hours or more a week on average in the four weeks of pay periods before either 1 March 2020 or 1 July 2020, and for business participants who were actively engaged in the business for 20 hours or more per week on average; and 
• $650 per fortnight for other eligible employees and business participants 

Employee Eligibilty 

  • Employees that meet the eligibility requirements can now be nominated by a new employer if their original employment with a JobKeeper employer ended before 1 July 2020 
  • As of 3 August 2020, the key date for assessing employee eligibility is now 1 July 2020 (not 1 March 2020) 
  • For the fortnights commencing on 3 and 17 August 2020, employers had until 31 August 2020 to meet the wage condition for newly-eligible employees under the revamped 1 July eligibility test. 

JobKeeper Changes – Employment Start Date and Amendment to Turnover Test

On 7 August, the government announced two further changes to the JobKeeper program. Firstly, employees hired as at 1 July 2020 may also be eligible to receive JobKeeper. Secondly, employer turnover eligibility for the revised JobKeeper scheme to commence on 28 September 2020 will be based on a single quarter tax period (rather than multiple quarters as previously announced). 

  1. Employee Change 

Before this change, an eligible employee had to, among other things, be employed as at 1 March 2020 to qualify for JobKeeper. Additionally, where they were a casual at that date, they had to have been employed on a regular and systematic basis for longer than 12 months as at 1 March 2020. 

The 7 August 2020 announcement changes that reference point to 1 July 2020, with effect to all JobKeeper fortnights commencing on or after 3 August 2020 – which means it impacts the last four fortnights of the original JobKeeper scheme. 

Noting that the “one-in, all-in” principle still applies to the 1 July changes, employers should consider which employees are now eligible to bring into the JobKeeper scheme, including: 

  • full-time or part-time employees employed after 1 March 2020 but on or before 1 July 2020; 
  • employees who may have joined the business after 1 March 2020 but are currently stood down 
  • casual employees employed at 1 July 2020 who commenced their casual employment before 1 July 2019. 
  • employees who may not have met the age condition as at 1 March 2020, but do as at 1 July 2020 
  • employees who may not have met the residency condition as at 1 March 2020, but do as at 1 July 2020 
  1. Employer Turnover Change 

From 28 September 2020, businesses and not-for-profits seeking to claim JobKeeper will be required to re-assess their eligibility for the JobKeeper extension with reference to their actual turnover in the September quarter 2020 (rather than the June and September quarters). Businesses and not-for-profits will need to demonstrate that they have met the relevant decline in turnover test in this quarter to be eligible for JobKeeper from 28 September 2020 to 3 January 2021. 

Businesses and not-for-profits will need to further reassess their eligibility in January 2021 for the period from 4 January to 28 March 2021. Businesses and not-for-profits will need to demonstrate that they have met the relevant decline in turnover test in the December quarter 2020 (rather than each of the June, September and December quarters) to remain eligible for the period to 28 March 2021 (the March quarter). 

Further Consequent Change 

This amendment, announced on Friday 14 August, accommodates the employee eligibility change on 7 August (above). 

With the key date for assessing which employees are eligible for JobKeeper now 1 July 2020, rather than 1 March 2020, the ATO states that employers should start paying new eligible employees a minimum of $1,500 per fortnight from  JobKeeper fortnight 10, which commenced on 3 August. To accommodate what may be a cashflow issue brought about by this change, for the fortnights commencing on 3 August 2020 and 17 August 2020, the ATO is allowing employers until 31 August 2020 to meet this wage condition for all new eligible employees included in the JobKeeper scheme under the new 1 July eligibility test. 

 

Key Dates for September & October 2020

Many key dates are looming for business including those relating to Activity Statements, GST, Superannuation, Income Tax Returns, and more…   

SEPTEMBER 2020 
21 September – August monthly Activity Statements – due for lodgement and payment 
30 September – Annual TFN Withholding Report for closely-held Trusts where a Trustee has been required to withhold amounts from payments to beneficiaries during 2019/2020 – due date for lodgement 

OCTOBER 2020 
21 October – September monthly Activity Statements – due for lodgement and payment 
28 October – Final date for eligible quarterly GST reporters to elect to report GST annually 
28 October – Due date for Superannuation Guarantee contributions for July-September to be made to employee funds 
31 October – PAYG Withholding Where ABN Not Quoted – Annual Report – due date for lodgement. These amounts are also reported at W4 on your Activity Statement 
31 October – Due date for 2019/2020 individual tax returns (unless you are lodging via a Tax Agent and are on their lodgment list by this date) 

Where the due date falls on a weekend or public holiday, it is deferred until the next business day (except in the case of Superannuation Guarantee deadlines). 

QUT Business School – MyTaxSaver Prize Awarded

Congratulations to Michael & Lucy! Our award recipients in Taxation Law, well done on your outstanding achievements. 

MyTaxSavers Prize 

Awarded to the Bachelor of Business (Accountancy) student with the best overall performance in the unit AYB219 Taxation Law. 

Recipient/s 

Lucille Tynan 

MyTaxSavers Prize 

Awarded to the Bachelor of Business (Accountancy) student with the best overall performance in the unit AYB219 Taxation Law. 

Recipient/s 

Michael Gurney 

https://www.qut.edu.au/business/about/news/news?news-id=167108

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