This section details why, even in spite of recent unfavorable changes, contribution to superannuation is still so popular.
Superannuation is a concessionally taxed environment. This was highlighted in early 2017, when the Government released its Tax Expenditiurs Statement which stated that in total superannuation tax concessions cost the Government $38.85 billion in revenue in the previous financial year. These tax concessions which make superannution so attractive as an investment include:
CONCESSIONAL TAXATION OF EARNINGS
Superannuation earnings (such as interest, dividends, rent etc.) are taxed at 15% when your account is in accumulation mode (i.e. not in pension mode). These earnings are txax-free when your account is in pension mode. This concessional taxation cost the Government $16.85 billion in foregone revenue in 2015/2016. By contrast, investment earnings on assets (such as shares,property, term deposits etc.) held outside of superannuation are taxed at your marginal tax rate.
Note that your tax liability outside of superannuation may be further reduced by tax offsets such as those for low-income earners and pensioners.
CONCESSIONAL TAXATION OF CAPITAL GAINS
Capital gains made by superannuation funds are likewise taxed at 15% when your account is in accumulation mode. Where a CGT asset supports a pension, any capital gain made when those assets are sold is tax-free. On the other hand, if the CGT asset was held by one of the following entities it would be taxed as follows:
- Individual – marginal tax rate
- Company – 30% (or 27.5% for a Small Business Entity)
- Trust – marginal tax rate of individual.
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TAX DEDUCTION FOR CONCESSIONAL CONTRIBUTIONS
Subject to age limits, from 1 Jly 2017 almost all individuals can now claim a tax deduction for their personal concessional (after-tax) contributions that they make to superannuation. Before this date, most employees were unable to do this.
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